South Africa reports case of monkeypox in resident of Gauteng province

news desk @bactiman63

The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) in South Africa confirms that a case of monkeypox was identified through laboratory testing at the NICD on Wednesday June 22, 2022.

South Africa/CIA

The case concerns a 30-year-old man residing in the province of Gauteng. He reports no recent travel history. Contact tracing has begun.

Monkeypox is a rare viral infection in humans. Since May 2022, monkeypox has been reported in more than 3,000 people in several European countries, the United States, Canada, Australia, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates. This is the first outbreak of monkeypox in multiple countries and is already the largest outbreak of monkeypox on record. Cases to date have mostly involved people who identify as men who have sex with men. Risk factors include reporting multiple sexual partners. Recent major social events are believed to have served as super spread events.

Person-to-person transmission involves close contact (eg, kissing, hugging, sexual contact) with an infected person or materials that have been contaminated by an infected person (eg, sharing laundry, clothing and other household items). The virus is not highly transmissible and close physical contact is required for transmission. It does not spread the same way as the flu or the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Monkeypox presents with an acute illness characterized by fever and general flu-like symptoms, followed by the eruption of a blister-like rash on the skin. The disease is rarely fatal and cases usually resolve within two to four weeks. Most cases do not require hospital treatment. Prevention of infection relies on isolating cases until they are completely cured. The risk to the general population is considered low given the low transmissibility of the virus.

The World Health Organization recommends increasing vigilance for cases with contact tracing and tracking of laboratory-confirmed cases. Isolation of confirmed cases helps prevent transmission and interrupt the cycle of transmission. Circulation of monkeypox virus in humans can be eliminated with this classic containment approach. Mass vaccination against monkeypox virus is currently not recommended.

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